Canadian Citizenship

Canadians have long valued their traditions of democracy, freedom and tolerance. The rights and values so important to all Canadians are enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Bill of Rights and provincial human rights codes. Along with these rights come certain responsibilities, such as respecting the rights and freedoms of all Canadians.

Canadians are also proud of Canada’s bilingual and multicultural heritage, created as generations of immigrants joined the Aboriginal people who had lived in Canada for thousands of years. New Canadians are expected to learn one of Canada’s two officials languages, English and French.

On average, Canadian citizenship is granted to 170,000 persons every year. About 85 percent of immigrants become Canadian citizens.

Rights as a Canadian:

Canadians have the right to

  • stand as candidate in federal, provincial and territorial election;
  • apply for a Canadian passport;
  • vote in federal, provincial and territorial elections; and
  • enter and leave Canada freely.

Responsibilities as a Canadian:

As a Canadian citizen you are expected to

  • obey Canadian laws;
  • participate in Canada’s democratic processes;
  • respect the rights and freedom of others; and
  • respect Canada’s linguistic duality and multicultural heritage.