Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Canada is the world’s second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the United States is the world’s longest land border. The country is officially bilingual and multicultural at the federal level, with a population of approximately 33.4 million as of 2011.
Canada’s advanced economy is one of the world’s largest and relies largely upon its natural resources and international trade, particularly with the United States, with which it has had a long and complex relationship.
Per capita income is the world’s ninth highest, and Canada ranks sixth globally in human development. It performs favourably in international rankings of education, quality of life, government transparency, and economic freedom.